Catalogo de Investigaciones 2018-2019

CATÁLOGO DE INVESTIGACIONES | AÑO ACADÉMICO 2018-2019 83 The Relevance of the Working Alliance in Achieving Positive Outcome: The Experience in a Group of Women Through Phenomenological Interview This study used a qualitative methodology, which gave the researcher the phenomenological interview to study the impact of the working alliance in therapy, and understand the client’s perspective of the key factors that were essential in their therapeutic healing process. Previous research indicates that the therapeutic alliance is a main factor in determining successful outcomes of psychotherapy. For clients of all ages, the therapeutic alliance has been associated with positive outcomes and increased engagement in therapy (Bachelor, 2013; Bhola, & Kapur, 2013; Liber et al., 2010). This phenomenological study investigated the experience of six female participants, who have experienced psychotherapy and perceived to have helped or hindered the formation of the Working Alliance in therapy with a focus provided by the phenomenological study and techniques, the six (6) participants were interviewed about what helped or hindered their building a strong working alliance, as well as what factor(s) they wished had been present that could have affected the outcome. Information was gathered through semi-structure interviews. Twenty categories were generated based on the research question and dimensions of the research. The information obtained in this study was coded and analyzed using the qualitative methods. From these categories, three helping subthemes were identified: (1) Facilitated communication, (2) Trust/Non-Judgment, and (3) Accessibility. In contrast, three hindering categories were: (1) did not facilitate communication, (2) lack of understanding, (3) having multiple therapists. Three wish list categories that resulted from the analyses were: (1) facilitate communication more, (b) more accessibility, and (3) Trust/ Non- judgement. Recommendations for therapists are offered based on the findings and the scholarly literature. The findings of this study appear to correlate closely with the literature reviewed. The therapeutic alliance remains a key component of creating successful outcomes in psychotherapy. rebecca lampon castro doctorado en psicología con especialidad en psicología clínica mentor: dra. joanie morales santiago working alliance phenomenological interview positive outcome qualitive study